Rainbow Bridge

Growing up I always heard lots of stories about Lake Powell. After graduating high school my uncle began his first job with the National Park Service there. A few years later, after her own graduation, my mother, accompanied by a few friends, also moved to southern Utah. For a rather blissful year and a half in the late 70’s my mom spent her days floating around Horseshoe Bend on an inner tube with monthly trips into the “big city” of Grand Junction, Colorado for groceries and cat food. So when I read Robert Michaelsen’s article The Significance of the American Indian Religious Freedom Act of 1978 and it mentioned Lake Powell I was rather intrigued. Could the place where so many of Mom’s wild adventures took place really be a site of religious significance?

To the Navajo people of the Southwest, Rainbow Bridge is not just a unique geological feature. Navajo stories tell of a male and a female rainbow person coming together in perfect union, and being frozen in time. This rock rainbow is particularly special because it is the only rainbow that can be viewed from both sides  (Luckert 22-3). It is the site of ritual offerings, sacred ceremonies, and other religious practices. Glen Canyon is home to several other sites of religious significance for the Navajo people, including a sacred spring, several rock beings, and the union of the feminine Colorado River and the masculine San Juan River. However, these sites have all been covered by the waters of the manmade Lake Powell, disrupting Navajo spiritual practice (Luckert 24). One major concern of the Navajo is that the rock people are being drowned by Lake Powell. Additionally, sacred offerings cannot be placed at the union of the Colorado and San Juan Rivers,  as it is covered by water, which prevents the Navajo from properly conducting ceremonies that protect them from harsh weather and disease (Luckert 25). Perhaps of more pressing concern than any of these other issues is the increasingly large presence of tourism in the Glen Canyon area. Because of the tourists, the Navajo people are not able to communicate with the spirits around Rainbow Bridge during the day, but the ceremonies cannot be conducted at night after the tourists have left because of the decrees of the spirits (Luckert 92-3). Tourists are also often quite disrespectful of Navajo beliefs. Despite the posting of various signs asking them to avoid doing so, many tourists approach and walk under Rainbow Bridge, things that are expressly forbidden in the Navajo tradition.

Lamarr Badoni, a Navajo medicine man, saw Lake Powell and the tourism it created as a significant enough problem to merit legal action. He petitioned to have access to Rainbow Bridge for non-indigenous peoples restricted and to have the reservoir operate at half capacity so that the spirits who were covered by the water could breathe again, citing the American Indian Religious Freedom Act as support for his case. In Badoni v. Higginson the courts ruled that the Navajos have no property rights because the site was declared a national monument twenty years before the Navajo reservation was expanded to include Rainbow Bridge and the site of the reservoir (Smith and Manning). Badoni was dissatisfied with this decision and took the case to the court of appeals. The appellate courts ruled that the economic interest of having a major water and power source outweighed the benefits of protecting the Navajo’s religious interests. In that same decision the justices stated that protecting the monument would make it a “government managed shrine” (Smith and Manning).

Although the courts have not responded favorably to the Navajos, the National Park Service has attempted to be more accommodating of the Navajo religious practices of the area. In 1994 President Clinton issued an executive order that expandeddialogues between the Park Service and interested Native American parties. This executive order has led to several small successes for the Navajos. For example, a trail leading to Rainbow Bridge was paved with a pine-based hardener, rather than asphalt, to allow spirits to pass to and from the underworld (Smith and Manning). Park Service employees are also working with indigenous peoples to increase their access to ceremonial plants and animals in protected areas. Beyond these accommodations, the Park Service is also working on education initiatives to help explain the sacred nature of the monument to tourists in the hopes that it will cultivate respect for native peoples and their religions (Rainbow). Their attempts to educate tourists include posting signs asking people to consider not approaching or walking under the bridge and deleting directions to trails that lead to Rainbow Bridge from informational brochures (Smith and Manning). The National Park Service asks people to respect Rainbow Bridge the same way they would a church, because as cheesy as it sounds, it is more than a bridge, it is “a bridge between cultures” (Rainbow).

– Kasey Gardner

Works Cited

Luckert, Karl W. Navajo Mountain and Rainbow Bridge Religion. Flagstaff: Museum of Northern Arizona, 1977. Print.

“Rainbow Bridge National Monument – A New Day at Rainbow Bridge (U.S. National Park Service).” U.S. National Park Service – Experience Your America. Web. 29 Jan. 2011.

Smith, Chris, and Elizabeth Manning. “The Sacred and Profane Collide in the West — High Country News.” High Country News. 26 May 1997. Web. 29 Jan. 2011.

19 Responses to Rainbow Bridge

  1. Hendon Harris says:

    Thank you for taking the time to share this news with us. I am particularly interested
    in the Navajo religious and cultural interest in Rainbow Bridge. I have suspected that
    there was an ancient religious connection between the ancient Puebloan people (the Anasazi) and their cultural successors (the Navajo and Hopi tribes) and this particular
    type of rock formation that today we call an “arch”. The most famous of these structures and perhaps the largest is Delicate Arch in Arches National Park, Utah.
    Another freestanding arch very similar to Delicate Arch is Anasazi Arch in New Mexico.
    And then there’s Rainbow Bridge so very sacred to the Navajo. I do not believe these
    rock formations are the result of random erosion. I believe that these formations were
    done at approximately the same time as the “Ellora Caves in India” were carved by
    Vedic Buddhist missionary monks. Google: “The Arch in Vedic Buddhism /Hinduism”
    But this is not the only example. How about that rock formation in Thailand that is
    so similar to “Snake Dancers Rock Walpi” so sacred for centuries to the Hopi culture?
    “Isan Home of Ancient Dvaravati Ruins” Another exquisite example is “Bent Hoodoo by Ned” in the Bisti Badlands. But also in the Bisti Badlands are scores of enormous petrified wood logs on raised sandstone platforms. There are just a few in the Petrified National Forest. Petrified wood is considered sacred in both Buddhism and to the Hopi and perhaps many others Native American cultures. So much evidence has recently been uncovered pointing to a link between the ancient cultures of the Four Corners and Vedic Buddism. Google”Were the Anasazi People Buddhist” “Mandalas Mantras Manjis Monuments” and “Dimensions of Dine (Navajo)and Buddhist Traditions” “Hopi and Tibetan Prophecies” and decide for yourself if this theory has adequate evidence to support it. If you’re still in doubt go to “Mushroom Rock National Park Kansas” and “Buddhist Parasol”.

  2. Hendon Harris says:

    Toranas are gateway arches found in all Vedic religions that originated in ancient
    India, the birthplace of Buddhism. These arches are known for three distinct
    features. The first is the top of the structure. The second are the support legs.
    The third and perhaps most important feature is the land under the arch which is
    the sacred land/foundation of the “throne”. Basically toranas were the frame for a
    sacred memorial that was traditionally placed under the arch of the totana. Is it
    possible that Rainbow Bridge is actually an ancient Buddhist torana that is still being
    used as as a sacred location by the Native Ameicas who value the site? Is that why
    the Navajo, Hopi and other Native Americas who worship there consider the ground under the arch to be sacred as well? The Four Corners region has scores of arches
    located throughout the area of which Delicate Arch and Anasazi Arch are two examples.
    Are these two freestanding arches with apparent cuts near the base of all their arch legs
    toranas as well? Google: “Were the Anasazi People Buddhist?” and “Mandalas, Mantras, Manjis and Monuments”.

  3. Hendon Harris says:

    Native American sacred ceremonial masks play a significant role in the tribal communities of the Four Corners region. We were recently reminded of this by
    the generosity of the Annenberg Foundation at a Paris auction. Because of several
    recent auction sales of sacred Hopi and Apache masks in France in spite of strong
    pleas from tribal spokespeople as well as the U.S. government the Annenberg
    Foundation made a swift decision to intervene on behalf of our First Nations people.
    Secretly bidding on behalf of “straw bidders” they used their own money ($530,000) for the purpose of buying these masks so they could be returned to their respective original tribal cultures to be used once again for their intended purpose. This act of
    respect for tribal cultures once again demonstrates that when push comes to shove
    we North Americans can work together for each others interests. (Thank you Navajo
    Code Talkers for your valor on behalf of all of us during WW II etc)
    The use of masks in sacred ceremonies is not common among the major religions of
    the world. In fact the only place that this occurs is in the religions of ancient India
    where Buddhism grew out of Hinduism in the Vedic India culture. These masks bear
    striking similarities to the masks of the Native American tribes. Since the Hindu faith
    does not evangelize and Buddhism does and sent missionary monks like Hwui Shan
    and numerous others out to locations around the world to evangelize if Vedic symbols
    and customs are confirmed in North American by elimination it would have been ancient Buddhists who brought them here. Google: “Buddhist Symbols Customs North
    America”. To compare the masks of these two cultures google: “Buddhist Masks and/
    or Native American Masks”. Obviously masks are just one of numerous connections
    that appear to link the cultures of Pre Columbian North America and Vedic Asia.

  4. Hendon Harris says:

    Alexander von Humbolt (1769-1859) was probably the most populat geographer/ explorer of all time. During his lifetime his work was followed by kings, queens and presidents. You can read his biography on the internet. Charles Darwin was a great admirer of Humbolt’s theories. Based on his research and travels Humbolt was among those totally persuaded that Asian Buddhist missionaries had traveled to pre Columbian North America and had left evidence of their time here in the customs and symbols of the Puebloan people. But there was the absence of one particular symbol here in North America that he just could not find and this perplexed him up until his death because this symbol was so significant not only in Buddhism but all other Vedic religions as well. If Buddhism actually ever made it to ancient North America by definition then some evidence of it would be here. Because he was so convinced of
    a Buddhist presence he then speculated that the Buddhists who came were from some sect of Buddhism that had dropped its use. He was looking for the fertility symbol the “Phallus”. I don’t know how he could have missed evidence of Kokopelli and his fertility symbolism because that is not uncommon throughout the Four Corners. However, he was probably looking for a phallic symbol like “The Chinese Phallic Rock Danxia” and unable to find one. I believe I have personally found three in Utah with two of them in Arches Natl Park. “Buck and Mabel’s King Kong Dong” and “Bust.com Rock Hard Penis” The third one is two toned just to make it much easier for you to recognize it for what it is. Its can be accessed at “Whaweap Hoodoos by Tanya”.
    After you google that go to the images section and it will be on the second line of images
    I believe. You’ll know what you’re looking for and won’t miss it. Not knowing how these particular rock images perfectly fit into the ancient Native America cultures most adult European Americans pass these rock towers off as a awkward coincidence while their teenage and younger children smile and giggle among themselves knowing exactly what they are seeing. Its too bad that Humbolt was not aware of the locations of these phallic monuments. Perhaps then when the world was ready for the truth this
    discovery and disclosure to the world would have prevented the west from later changing its mind and from then on denying that any Asian influences or religions were ever brought here. “Buddhist Symbols Customs North America”

  5. Hendon Harris says:

    The Rain Dance is a Native American cultural
    tradition. However, it’s apparently also a tradition
    that it shares with ancient Buddhism. The current
    evidence of this has to do with the current drought
    in California and how the Native Americans there
    are relearning how to do it. They are asking for
    and receiving help from the Pueblo people and
    also from American Buddhists. Did you know that
    Buddhists had anything to do with the Rain Dance
    much less a complete set of the written rules.
    Google: “Wisdom Quarterly Rain Dance” and “Hendon
    Harris Rain Dance”. Here we have just another
    example of how ancient Buddhism and the Pre
    Columbian Native American cultures are tied together.


  6. Hendon Harris says:

    Are the matriarchal cultures of the Puebloan people of the Four Corners directly connected to the travel journal of Buddhist missionary monk Hwui Shan by the use
    of the words The Land of Women in his journal? Google: “The Land of Women Hwui
    Shan”. One of the main reasons used by naysayers for discrediting his report in
    total is because of the Land of Women portion of his account. However, is it possible
    that in the “dirty bath water” the mix of fact and mythology that there is “the baby”
    the truth of several ancient matriarchal cultures that Hwui Shan encountered. If in
    your eagerness to throw out the dirty water you don’t recognize the baby you will be
    throwing away the baby as well. That baby is that he encountered matriarchal cultures
    1000 li (333 miles) to the east of Fu Sang. For those of us arguing that Fu Sang was
    the ancient Chinese name for the west coast of North Ametica this appears to
    geographically fit. We know that the Four Corners are more than 333 miles from the
    California coast. However what we were not told is how far east the boundaries of Fu Sang went. Would not a clue to that be 333 miles west of what would have been considered the eastern boundary of The Land of Women? When you couple this with
    all the physical and cultural evidence of ancient Buddhism that exist in the Four Corners to this day does not it bring greater credence to this possibility?

  7. Hendon Harris says:

    I have made several comments on this site regarding my belief based on evidence that
    I’ve found that there appears to be a connection between the cultures of the Puebloan
    tribes and Buddhism. However, that theory hit a recent temporary glitch over the issue
    of fire ceremonies. It’s well known that fire ceremonies are important in the cultures of
    the Puebloan people as well as numerous other North American indigenous tribes.
    Fire ceremonies are also important in Hinduism. However, when Buddha originated
    Buddhism in 6th Century BCE India he specifically rejected for Buddhism the fire
    ceremonies that were so very important in Hinduism. In order to illustrate this point
    the name of the highest level of traditional Buddhist enlightenment is Nirvana. In
    Sanskrit the ancient language of India Nirvana means “blown out” or “blown away”
    referring to fire as well as the human defilements/ distractions. Google: “Guide to
    Buddhism A to Z. Fire” or “Dhamma Musings-The Role of Fire in Buddhism”. When
    I first read this I felt it was a set back for my theory because it is obvious that fire was and is important in North American native cultures. However, it soon made sense.
    In the early centuries of the Common Era there was a New Brand of Buddhism that
    emerged that embraced many of the Vedic traditions of Hinduism. The “New Brand”
    fully embraced the Vedic fire ceremonies that had been discarded in early Buddhism.
    That new school of Buddhism is known today as Vajrayana or Tibetan Buddhism.
    That school of Buddhism was strong in Gandhara (now Pakistan and Afghanistan) the
    home of Buddhist missionary monk Hwui Shan who took Buddhism to a country long
    known in ancient China as Fu Sang. (Many of us believe that Fu Sang was what we
    know of today as the Pacific Coastal Plain of North America.). Hwui Shan based on
    the customs found here like The Seven Step Seven Vow Wedding Ceremony and the
    “sacred flame” (Agni) used in that ceremony apparently belonged to the Tibetan School
    of Buddhism which incorporates numerous Vedic symbols and rituals in their version
    of Buddhism. This information in my opinion is well known to all Puebloan tribal elders and leaders. That explains why when they first met the Dalai Lama the current head of Tibetan Buddhism a few years ago in Los Angeles the very first words spoken
    to him by the designated Hopi elder was WELCOME HOME! It also explains the
    joint “Hopi Tibetan Prophecy” and why the Hopi Nation is so eager and willing today to settle displaced Tibetan nationals without a country as “long lost brothers” on their very
    own personal and private Hopi Reservation land. The evidence that supports the
    veracity of this theory is readily available for those that are ready to know the truth.

  8. Hendon Harris says:

    Vedic Buddhist symbols continue to be found here. “Hamas Vedic Goose Swan” is
    the vehicle for Hindu goddess Saraswathi. She is the wife of Vedic god Brahma.
    Therefore it’s more than a little interesting that an image of Hamsa has been located
    in New Mexico. Google: “Canadian Goose Bisti Badlands”. If this isn’t Hamsa then
    why a huge swan goose rock carved image there given all the other Vedic customs
    and symbols in the neighborhood? In this same New Mexico wilderness there is
    evidence of “cracked eggs” a significant symbol in Buddhism and all Vedic religions.
    Google: “Cracked Eggs Vedic Hindu. Symbol of Creation”. For images of these in North
    America google: “Bisti Badlands Cracked Eggs”. At least one of these eggs is incredibly
    detailed. For an overview google: “Bisti Badland Images”. For more specific Vedic
    symbols google : “Bent Hoodoo by Ned” for a Vedic Chattra. Google: “Petrified Logs
    Bisti Badlands” for numerous huge ancient petrified logs featured on raised earthen
    berms. Petrified wood is and has been revered for centuries if not millennia by Vedic cultures especially Buddhism as well as numerous Native America tribes.

  9. Hendon Harris says:

    Breaking News: “Did Marco Polo Discover America?” This story first published in the Smithsonian Magazine has been picked up by newspapers around the world within the last week. Dr. Benjamin Olshin has written a new book, The Mysteries of the Marco Polo Maps” which is scheduled to be released for sale next month. If proven true this evidence would show that Marco Polo was the first European to “discover” N America’s western coast (the China side) at least 200 years before Columbus arrived here on the eastern (European) side. If fact the written report of Marco Polo’s Asian adventures may have had a significant impact on the 15th and 16th Century European ‘rush to the sea” during Europe’s Age of Discovery of the high seas.
    It should be noticed in reading the account of Polo’s trip to Fu Sang that it is almost identical to the report given by Buddhist monk Hwui Shan describing his trip to Fu Sang in the 5th Century or 800 years earlier. The reason for the similarity is that both
    of these men took the same course to arrive at the same place although hundreds of years apart. This was not some random bearing east across the ocean until they arrived at Fu Sang. The route they both took was a very specific one which had them relatively close to the coast and all the coastal cultures and features they described along the way. Today we know that route as the North Pacific Gyre. It’s a combination of at least four separate but connecting ocean currents that flow clockwise north up the coast of China past Korea and Japan and then up to Kamchatka before it swings east just south of Alaska before flowing south along the N American coast down to Central America before it swings west across the Pacific Ocean to China where once again it flows north repeating the process. The Chinese have known of this current and its conveyor belt abilities for a long time. The ancient Chinese name for this current is the Wei Lu. Western historians have a hard time acknowledging that Asians have had the ability and the technology to navigate the high seas for a long time before the west learned how to do it in the 15th and 16th centuries. All of this new worldwide attention is on Marco Polo getting to the new world in the 13th century. But how exactly did he get there? He got there on an Asian ship with an Asian crew using Asian navigational skills. So while we are applauding Mr. Polo for his great history making adventure as a European from Italy “discovering America” in the 13th century let us not forget the Asians who made this trip possible for him and whose ancestors had apparently been making this same trip to Fu Sang for a long time prior to Marco Polo’s arrival.

  10. Hendon Harris says:

    Google: “The Mapmaker’s Mystery” for another attempt by our Library of Congress to
    give credit to a European mapmaker, who obviously copied someone else’s map, for
    coming up with incredibly advanced mapping technology that Nodody In Europe Had
    At That Time. It’s no mystery when information is stolen, then claimed by the thief as
    their own eventhough the thief has absolutely no idea how that concept (or map in this case) can be reproduced. We have a legal name for it in the modern world. We don’t
    call it a mystery. We call it “a theft of intellectual property” or plagiarism. There are
    legal penalties for this because it’s a crime. Claudius Ptolemy is called the “Father of
    Western Mapmaking”. He is held up as an example for all scientists especially those
    involved in mapmaking to follow. However, there is a problem with this. Ptolemy
    who was a Greek citizen living in the Greek city of Alexandria, Egypt (N Africa) knew
    the answers to some very complex astrological and astronomical questions. The problem is that he did not know how he or anyone else could arrive at that those answers. This is a major puzzle for those western scholars willing to consider it and not
    willing to climb onto the Claudius Ptolemy bandwagon without getting the answer to
    this serious challenge eventhough the west seriously desires a “Father of Western
    Cartography. In 1977 scholar/author Robert Russell Newton wrote the book “The
    Crime of Claudius Ptolemy” in which he addresses this issue. In fact if it were not for
    Arabs who treasured his works and translated them into Arabic where they remained
    from early in the Common Era until the 14 th century they would have been totally lost
    to the rest of the world forever. The Catholic Church and western “scholarship” had
    absolutely no use for the advanced scientific information that Ptolemy had in his
    possession for a thousand years or until the Ottoman Turks shut down the overland
    routes on what has been once known as the Silk Road and the Spice Road. That left
    only one option left available to Europe to get the spices and other merchandise that
    they had grown to expect and enjoy from India, China and the southern tip countries
    of the Red Sea. That sole remaining option was to discover the oceanic routes to those
    market places to obtain those products that they knew were present there. Now suddenly oceanic maps became extremely value. The Arabs had possession of the
    Oceanic Maps that Ptolemy had in the 1st century. Alexandria, Egypt from the 3rd
    Century BCE to the 3rd Century CE was not only the western terminus of the Oceanic
    Silk Road connecting it by water routes to its eastern terminus which was Chang’an
    (capital of Han Dynasty China) and all the major trading markets in between because
    of this vital trade Alexandria became the “New York” of Southern Europe in spite of
    the importance and power of Greece and then Rome during that same time period.
    Jews as well as Arabs have been known throughout history as cultures with not only a
    desire but great abilities in trade. Alexandria as a major trading city was not an exception to this truth. It seems to be an accepted fact that ancient Alexandria was
    populated by three major groups. Alexandria was originated as a Greek city shortly
    after the death of Alexander the Great in the 3rd century BCE. One third of the city’s
    population was Greek which included Ptolemy. One third of the city’s population was
    Jewish. The other third of the population was Arabic (This is Egypt, N Africa separated
    only by the Red Sea from Asia. The Sinai is in Asia). As the result of the massive trade
    coming through Alexandria or perhaps because of them the Jewish and Arab trading families prospered and had contact with if not even ownership in the shipping companies that transported the goods from India if not China itself. It was in this
    process that I believe that these two cultures came into possession of the mapping information on the oceanic routes of the entire Silk Road. After the 3rd century the
    Oceanic Silk Road fell into disuse. Nobody cared who it was that had the information
    on those now abandoned trade routes. Many Arab and Jewish families moved from
    Alexandria and numerous other places to Spain between the 3rd and 14 centuries.
    They brought their wealth and family treasures with them. During that time Spain
    increasingly became less tolerant toward other minority cultures that had come to consider their home as well. At first using religious purification as their stated motive Spain began the battle to expel Islam and Arabs from the Iberian Penninsula. This was
    finally accomplished in 1492 with the defeat of the last Arab stronghold in Barcelona/
    Catalonia. Because this expulsion and wealth and intellectual property transfer had been so successful King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella immediately asked Spanish Pope
    Alexander VI of the Catholic Church for permission to begin the Spanish Inquistion.
    He granted them permission and it began. The early Portolan charts, the forerunners
    of the Western maps of the world, were made by the predominately Jewish cartographers of Catalon and Majorca. Within 15 or less years from 1492 when the
    last Islamic culture in Barcelona had been defeated and expelled and the Spanish
    Inquistion of the Jews was in full swing with not only their expulsion from Spain
    and torture for thousands that remained, their possessions including the Asian source
    information for ancient sea routes including in the Mediterranean that they had possessed since Alexandria were taken as well by the Catholic Church. How else can
    anyone explain how Waldseemuller, a Catholic cleric in Germany, in 1507 originated (copied) a map of the world with previously unknown information to Europeans which
    included information of the Pacific Ocean years before any European knew anything
    about the Pacific Ocean. Google: “Inconvenient Maps in the Library of Congress”
    “The Waldseemuller 1507 Map” and “The Mapmakers Mystery”. The Mapmakers Mystery is an article in the June 2014 issue of Discover Magazine that tells of another
    Highly advanced map using latitude and longitude that surfaced in 13th century Europe
    BEFORE western scholars believe that technology had been discovered. But then it
    appears to those connecting the dots that the Ancient Puebloan People, the Anasazi,
    also had that knowledge as well. Dr. Stephen Lekson, University of Colorado, has written that it appears that the highly advanced Anasazi culture appears to have built all their ancient settlements in the early Common Area in North America along what we know in the west today as the 108 West . Actor Robert Redford narrated a documentary
    film “The Mystery of Chaco Canyon” in 2000 which the highly advanced knowledge of the Anasazi culure was discussed and demonstrated. How would they have learned about longitude. Google: “Zhang Heng Cartographer” “Phei Hsui Cartographer” and
    Ancient Chinese Cartography” for the answers to this so called mystery. It’s only a mystery to those who are prohibited from telling the truth or those who do not desire
    to let this 500 year deception be exposed. In 2003 and again in 2005 I along with a group of others was invited to tour the map vaults of The Library of Congress by Dr.
    John Hebert, Chief of the Geography and Map Division. During the tour we were shown by Dr. Hebert several of the priceless maps in the world’s great collection of
    maps. At some point during the tour Dr. Hebert produced a vellum map from one of
    the vaults drawers. It was a map of all of South and Central America and North America up to what we know of today as the southern Oregon border. The detail on
    this map was breathtaking! It was in such detail of all the western coasts of the two
    continents that one could compare it to an aerial or satellite photo. The accuracy of the Pacific Coast and the Sea of Cortez Coast of Baja California jumped out at me. Dr. Hebert shared with the group that the Library of Congress had positively identified the
    origin of this map to.1533. In astonishment I asked Dr. Hebert “How is that possible?
    Columbus had just “discovered” N America’s east coast in 1492 –41 years earlier.” He smiled and answered “Hendon, That’s an excellent question.”. I was to be shown that
    same map again by Dr. Hebert in 2005 as part of another group tour when my sister was invited to give a speech at the Library. Knowing that many of the maps in the LOC collection are posted on the Internet I emailed Dr. Hebert about two years later asking him how I could get Internet access to that “1533 Map of the Americas”. He emailed
    several crude maps to me of N America done much later than 1533 and asked me if any
    of those maps was what I wanted. To say I was stunned would be an understatement.
    There was no way my request could have been misunderstood. I had specifically described the map he had shown to me twice in the presence of others. In 2003 before
    he voluntarily produced that map for our group I knew nothing about such a map. I
    can now only surmise that after our LOC map vault tour in 2005 someone in a higher position than Dr. Hebert’s had informed him that this particular “Inconvenient Map”
    was classified and NOT FOR PUBLIC RELEASE or discussion. If my assumption for
    the reason that Dr. Hebert can not acknowledge the existence of the “1533 Map” is
    true then someone or some people in high authority in or over the LOC are purposely withholding information that if fully analyzed would point to a different story regarding
    the history of cartography that is commonly be taught as the true not only in the western world but also around the world. This 1533 Map was done in the European
    style by some European mapmaker. That’s a fact. But like “The Mapmaker’s Mystery”
    map it was done using information and technology not was not available in the western
    world at that time. Remember the names of Zhang Heng and Phei Hsiu. Those men
    and their cartographic knowledge and accomplishments passed done through the ages
    by scholars and merchant trading families will lead you to the truth.

  11. Hendon Harris says:

    Google: “Trager Mysterious Mapmakers” for a scholarly well referenced article that
    coincides with the article above. In the 16th century European cartographers apparently
    mainly in Germany were making maps with information they could not possibly have obtained independently.

  12. Hendon Harris says:

    Just in case you believe that “Bend Hoodoo by Ned” and “Snake Dancers Rock Walpi
    Village” are the result of natural erosion I have another similar rock shape for you to
    consider that certainly appears to have been carved by men (Buddhists?).
    Google: “Rock Formation Devil’s Lake Wisconsin”. Go the the “Images” section of the site. Here you will see this same “Bent Hoodoo” rock shape on the top of an absolutely flat surface in a remote location. Can anyone claim that particular shape on the top of
    such a smooth flattened surface is anything but man made? This same shape shows up
    today in Thailand. Google: “Isan Home of Ancient Dvaravati (Buddhist) Ruins”

  13. Hendon Harris says:

    For the best access to the Wisconsin “Chattra” rock google: “Balanced Rock Devil’s
    Lake Wisconsin Images”. For a State Park in America that also features these apparently Buddhist Chattra rock shapes google: “Mushroom Rock State Park Kansas Images”.

  14. Hendon Harris says:

    No one can argue against the fact that of all the major religions of the world throughout history no religion has had the proclivity and the skills to work with and carve and balance rock like the followers of ancient Buddhism. I don’t know why it was such a significant part of their religion but it was and still is nonetheless. There is evidence throughout Asia to support it. “The Ellora Caves”, “The Giant Buddhas of Afghanistan” “Mountaintop Buddhist Monasteries of Asia” “The Rock Carved Stupas of India” “Rock Carved Phallic Symbols of Asia” “Rock Carved Cliff /Cave Dwellings in Asia”, “Balanced Rocks Now Called Rock Stacking” etc.
    It’s not unusual that these incredible rock creations are found throughout Asia. These man made rock creations were done by extremely talented rock carvers using engineering skills and apparently rock moving skills that the modern world does not want to admit they possessed.
    What is extremely unusual to me is that these exact same types of rock creations are
    found in N America and elsewhere around the world. However, in any place other than Asia where these identical rock carved forms are found the common wisdom is that they were created by erosion. This probably shouldn’t annoy me so much because
    if you are not aware of the history of this rock carving culture/ religion you have to have an explanation for the existence of these forms like “Anasazi Rock”, Corona Rock” “Delicate Rock”, “Rainbow Bridge” etc. Therefore “natural erosion” is the only fallback position they can take because these formations are obviously there and there has to be an explanation. If you don’t have the explanation you have to make one up.
    I can’t be the only person who has wondered about the geographic locations of the
    largest rock spans in the world. “The Tour of the Big 16” If these spans were completely random (Rainbow Bridge is on this list) why are they so closely clustered as they are in just four locations around the world. Seven of these largest spans in the world are in The Four Corners. Seven of these spans are in China. One is to be found in Afghanistan (Gandhara). The last one is found in Chad Africa. “Forgotten Treasures in the Dead Heart of Africa” In all four of these areas where these huge spans are located there are either vast numbers of other highly unusual “Buddhist style”rock shapes such as in the Bisti Badlands and in Africa or as in China and in Afghanistan (Gandhara) they clearly have had an ancient Buddhist past. Is it just a coincidence that these largest spans in the world occurred in those specific locations or
    was it not a coincidence after all but the work of highly skilled Asian Buddhist rock carvers practicing their religion? Is it a mystery or are there clues in each location that point to the apparent conclusion? I keep writing on the evidence that supports Vajrayana (Tibetan) Buddhist influences (“Ancient Buddha Tree of Life Lotus Flower”) in N America. I keep writing on this topic because there is so much evidence to support it. I believe this evidence of Pre Columbian Tibetan Buddhism will be the evidence that will prove the veracity of my claims.
    However, there is so much more fascinating Native America history yet to be revealed that goes back much further in history than the arrival of the Buddhists in N America in 458 AD. I’m talking about El Dorado the so called mythological cities of gold. I believe through my research of historical records from Asia that I know where they are, how the gold deposits at these several sites was originally discovered, why they were eventually destroyed (described in a Chinese legend) , how the Spanish originally heard of the existence of these cities and why the Spanish armies were unable to find the locations after many years of searching. I know that numerous men have searched over centuries for El Dorado. Sir Walter Raleigh was executed upon this return to England for having failed in his search. I wasn’t looking for the lost cities of gold. I found the information describing their locations from recorded historical sources that originated in China. Someday I hope to tell you much more about that.

  15. Hendon Harris says:

    For more information I have written on the Buddhist fascination with rock google: “Hendon Harris Disqus” Go to the article I wrote in July 2015 “Rewriting History”

  16. Hendon Harris says:

    Although much more difficult to find than evidence of Buddhism among the Puebloan
    cultures in Pre Columbian North America up until today, evidence of far older Chinese influences continues to surface as well. Google: “I applaud John Ruskamp for his amazing research” Dr. Ruskamp is finding evidence of ancient Chinese Shang Dynasty
    characters throughout the Pacific Southwest.

  17. Hendon Harris says:

    I regret to inform you that “Cobra Rock Moab Utah” has been mysteriously “beheaded”.
    This pattern has got to be slowed down because it will never be entirely stopped. A good place to start is for Native Americans and others to recognize what these rock formations represent and demand that U S Government authorities stop rock climbers from climbing all over these priceless symbols.

  18. Hendon Harris says:

    How difficult was it for Buddhism or other Asian influences to come to ancient North America by sea? I can refer you to a short now online letter from a expert U. S. navigator written in 1871.
    Google: “Discovery of America by Chinese Buddhists–Colonel Barclay Kennon North Pacific” , “North Pacific Gyre” and “Science and Technology in Ancient China That Made the Voyages to North America Possible”.
    “The trip is never more than ever a few hours out of sight of land” when you follow the ancient path.

  19. Hendon Harris says:

    If any of you are wondering how I developed an interest in Asia and what I feel are evidences of Asian religious and cultural influences in several of the First Nation cultures of North America’s google: “Hendon Harris China Christian Missionary Parents” I have developed a deep respect for Asia and her people. The religious influences that I believe came to ancient North America were not the one that my parents taught or I have personally embraced. However, historical truth and the clear evidence that supports it should be told. As a schoolboy in Hong Kong our school motto was “Honesty Before Honor”.

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